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Medical science has greatly evolved in recent years with new discoveries and medical advancements. Various new specialized medical fields have emerged along with the mainstream. Now if you have decided to enter into a medical field either to save lives and make a difference or to make more money or maybe just because you are hard core Grey’s Anatomy fan, you have to decide that among these fields which is the one you want to pursue.

The Medical field offers various courses to choose from, but choosing one subject among this vast ocean of choices becomes a vexatious task. Many students face this problem while selecting a career in medicine. Most of the Std. 12th pass out students are naïve and confused, therefore they often run after the most sort out option of medical courses that is MBBS without considering the other available options. Others who consider these options are puzzled as to which career prospects are most suitable for them, what will be most appropriate for their skills and talent, what the advantages of these medical courses, what would be their job prospects after the course, what would be their pay scale etc.

One such emerging medical course that the students are often confused about is Bachelor in Physiotherapy (BTP). Bachelor in Physiotherapy is an undergraduate course in the field of physiotherapy. Physiotherapy is the study of the science of movements. It requires the development of a set of skills which is necessary for injury prevention and the diagnosis and treatment of patients with physical disorders or disabilities.

This course has been gaining popularity over the past few years, more and more students are taking up this course as an alternative to MBBS. This new emergence of trend has piqued the interests of many students regarding this course. The main doubt that arises among these students is whether Bachelor in Physiotherapy a medical course?

To resolve this query one has to know what a medical course is. Medical courses are those courses that are related to the healthcare industry. It covers a wide range of medical/health care practices that are concerned with the prevention and treatment of disease or illness as well as restoration of health. In India, medical courses are set up by the Medical Council of India which is a regulatory body and has the authority to establish rules and regulations regarding medical education in India.

Medical courses generally include 4.5 to 5.5 years of study which includes mandatory internship within it. Only students with science background (physics, Chemistry and Biology) in intermediary are eligible for these courses.  Most of these courses are entered into through national level entrance exams such as NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test), AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences, JIMPER etc.. Medical courses necessarily incorporate within their curriculum the following subjects:

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Psychology
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Pharmacology
  • First aid
  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery

Bachelor in Physiotherapy (BPT) is a 4-year undergraduate course that includes compulsory 6 months of clinical internship that is developed by the Medical Council of India. A bachelor’s degree program in physiotherapy usually involves the study of the sciences behind practices of using exercise and movement to help in curing of illness and recovering injuries. It includes examination and diagnosis to determine the required therapy and also research and development of new techniques of physical rehabilitation. 

The eligibility criteria to get admitted into the course is to have completed higher secondary (10+2) or an equivalent qualification from a recognised institution, in science stream with physics, chemistry and biology as main subjects and has to be of at least 17 years of age. The candidates are also required to a minimum aggregate score of 50% or equivalent CGPA ( 45% for SC/ST/OBC candidates).

The eligible candidates are called for admission to get into the course in India on the basis of the score obtained in the relevant institute-specific entrance exams. Often the examination is followed by a group discussion or personal interview to asses the candidate’s general aptitude for the course. Among the various entrance examination, the top three are CET (Common Entrance Test) Guru Govind Indraprastha University Physiotherapy Entrance Exam and JIMPER all India medical examination.

To opt for this programme the eligible candidates are required to have patience, adequate physical stamina, and compassion of the injured and sickly. They are also required to excel in interpersonal interactions as it is required by this profession to counsel patients who are not generally responsive.

The course includes within its curriculum subjects like Anatomy, Physiology. Biochemistry. Psychology, Pathology, Microbiology, Pharmacology, First aid, General Medicine, General Surgery, orientation to physiotherapy, exercise therapy, electrotherapy, orthopaedics and traumatology, orthopaedics and sports physiotherapy etc.

On appreciating the above mentioned points it becomes clear that Bachelor in Physiotherapy (BPT) comes under the criteria of Medical Courses. It has become a widely opted career because of the flourishing job market available for degree holders of Bachelors in physiotherapy. One can find prosperous employment opportunities both in the private and government sectors. Physiotherapists have an option for working in various disciplines such as sports industry which is now rapidly growing in India, Intensive Care Units in both public and private hospitals to help patients recover from accidents, open up their own private clinic and can also work in the wellness industry. Apart from being a physiotherapist, a BPT holder can also lecturer, researcher and consultant in the field of physiotherapy as well as osteopath who treats their patients by stimulating different parts of the body by using techniques involving touching massaging etc.. Graduates can further opt for more specialisation by pursuing Masters in Physiotherapy. 

Some of the top institution offering this course are

  1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi
  2. Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore
  3. JIPMER Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Pondicherry
  4. Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune
  5. Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Manipal
  6. Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), Delhi
  7. Madras Medical College, Chennai    
  8. Grant Medical College, Mumbai
  9. St John’s Medical College, Bangalore
  10. Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai

Physiotherapy is one of the finest and most rewarding professions as there it helps people to live normal, healthy and pain-free lives. It has become one of the fastest growing profession in India as it focuses on the improvement in the lifestyle of the people. With the increased stress level among the people and lack of physical activities, the demand for physiotherapist is rising. Bachelor’s in Physiotherapy has gained it’s reputation among the other medical courses and is a viable option that a bio student can opt for instead of the mainstream medical courses.


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